Cesarian Section is a life saving surgery,, done when the life of the baby or the mother is threatened. It is done to overcome a unexpected problem in normal vaginal delivery but many a time, it is done electively to prevent a complication!
Aka, as C- Section.
Baby is delivered through a surgical incision. There are specific situations where this method is resorted abandoning the natural birth.
If you are pregnant, knowing what to expect during C-Section helps you prepare.
Indications for Cesarian Section
Assesment of Birth Canal for Trail Normal Delivery
Assesment of adequacy of pelvis for normal vaginal delivery is done by your doctor.
A rough estimate is made around 38 weeks , when the baby is fully formed and the head would have descended into the pelvis by then allowing a comparison of its dimensions with the birth canal.
Assessment is more realistic and practical, when the labour sets in and your doctor through repeated internal examinations and by noting baby’s progression (descent into pelvis), decides if delivery can be safely continued through normal vaginal route. Any relative inadequacy of pelvis or failure of the baby to descend sequentially inspite of good uterine contractions or if baby goes into distress, your doctor may decide to go ahead with Caesarean Section.
VIDEO: Inadequate size of the birth canal due to narrow bony pelvis, shoulders couldnt be delivered and traction resulted in injury to nerves of arm causing paralysis in the baby!
Monitoring the progression of labour involves noting the intensity of contractions, frequency of contractions, assesment of formation(dilatation) of birthcanal to accomodate the baby. Also important is to monitor the health of the baby and it is done by Fetal heart monitor which calculates the heart rate.
CTG- Cardio Toco Graph This instrument is used to monitor the quality of uterine contractions and fetal health and the information is given out in a graph form.
NST – Non Stress Test – This monitors the baby and its heart rate in relation to baby’s movement when uterus is relaxed. Often done around 37-38 weeks to asses the health of baby.
CST – Contraction stress test – This monitors the baby’s heart rate in relation to uterine contractions during active labour. It is done to monitor the health of baby and detioration on this graph is an indication for Caesarian Section.